SCA Treatment ( Spinocerebellar ataxia) is a term referring to a set of hereditary ataxias which are characterized by degenerative changes in the fraction of the brain connected to the movement control (cerebellum), as well as sometimes in the spinal cord.
A blood test can check for hemoglobin S — the faulty form of hemoglobin that underlies sickle cell anemia. In the United States, this blood test is fraction of routine newborn screening done at the hospital. But older children as well as adults may be tested, too.
If the screening test is negative, there is no sickle cell gene there. If the screening test is positive, further tests will be performed to resolve whether one or two sickle cell genes are present.
Medications used to treat sickle cell anemia include:
Children who have cell anemia might start taking the antibiotic (penicillin) while they`re about two months old as well as continue taking it until they`re at least five years old. As an adult, if you`ve had your spleen removed or had pneumonia, you might require to take penicillin throughout your life.
Hydroxyurea (Droxia, Hydrea). While taken daily, hydroxyurea reduces the frequency of painful crises as well as might decrease the reuire for blood transfusions and hospitalizations.
Hydroxyurea increases your risk of infections, as well as there is some concern that long-term use of this drug might cause problems later in life for people who take it for many years. More study is needed.
Pain-relieving medications. To reduce pain during a sickle cell crisis, your doctor might recommend pain medications. Hydroxyurea seems to work via stimulating progress of fetal hemoglobin — a kind of hemoglobin found in newborns that aid to prevent the formation of sickle cells.